Treatment alternatives for periodontal disease include surgical and corrective procedures. Periodontal surgery is utilized only when it is thought that procedures will not work. The aim of the treatment is to eliminate the bacteria that are causing the disease. If the illness is in the initial stages, using antibiotics can effectively treat it. Proper oral hygiene is very important during the entire treatment process. If discovered early diseases can be easily controlled by maintaining good oral hygiene.
The disease is a disorder that affects tissues. It impacts the alveolar bone, periodontal ligament, cementum, and the gum line. Diseases are classified into two groups. They are extremely common and affect a large number of people. The disease can spread into the bone and lead to the destruction of cells if left untreated or unattended. In such cases, the teeth will have to be removed.
Scaling and root planning are all common therapy processes that are employed to deal with periodontal disease. Scaling is performed to remove the plaque coating. The plaque layer is mechanically scraped off the tooth. Ultrasonic instruments may be used to remove the scales. Root planing is done to generate the surface of the teeth softer in order that plaque can’t build up.
Depending on the amount of the infection, the treatment process will be different. In case of moderate disease, the process is just like that of moderate — scaling and root planning and antibiotics have been prescribed. However, visits are required if the disease is more severe. Four visits are needed. In the case of extreme disease, there may be a reduction of bony tissue due to the spread of infection. The surgical procedure may be more invasive and bone grafting may be required.
Maintenance of appropriate oral hygiene is a crucial part of the treatment process. This is called maintenance. It is also essential to pay a visit to the dentist once. Cleanings are required to prevent the germs. The treatment options are more effective if the infection is found in the beginning stages. Because of this, it is recommended to stop by Toothworks Dental Clinics frequently.
The Prevalence of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal (gum) disease is widespread through the elderly population in the USA and elsewhere. It may lead to pain, swelling, abscesses and eventually tooth loss, and also the reduction of the supporting bone from the jaws. A tooth is lost by individuals over age 35 from gum disease than they do from discoloration or cavities. Periodontal disease is the most popular cause of tooth loss. According to the 1996 American Dental Association/Colgate survey, U.S. dentists say gum disease is much more pressing oral health issue than tooth decay with a 2-to-1 margin it isn’t curable, and should the jawbone deteriorate there is not much which could be done to reverse it. It is nevertheless, very treatable, both surgically and non-surgically.
What’s less known, is that the association between periodontal disease and other more serious diseases. There have been several studies done to explore the relationship between gum disease and other serious diseases. A study was done in Sweden, among young, urban adults, also suggested an increased risk of premature death from cancer, circulatory or autoimmune diseases(1). Similarly, a study done in the United States by Michaud et.al. (2) reveals an increase in cancer risk in a large population of male health professionals together with periodontal disease and jawbone reduction. These findings indicated a substantial association between blood, kidney and pancreatic cancer and disease. A third study found that death could hasten. Researchers at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) discovered that people with diabetes with periodontal disease had significantly increased death rates due to cardiovascular disease and renal (kidney) failure, which can be just two major complications of type 2 diabetes. The findings underscore the need for good oral hygiene in people with diabetes, that are susceptible to gum disease.
The evidence that periodontal disease causes cancer is unproven and is in dispute. What isn’t disputed is the simple fact that there’s a substantial correlation between certain types of cancer and incidences of lung disease.
Similarly, there’s a connection between periodontal disease and cardiovascular disease. Studies have revealed that there is a specific receptor C-reactive peptide raised in both disease and periodontal disease. Similarly, there is an immediate relationship between periodontal disease and Type II (adult-onset) diabetes. In fact, in a recent lecture given by the esteemed Joslin Clinic for Diabetes, also attended by this author, it was said that if the gum disease is treated, diabetes enhances, and if a person treats diabetes, the gum disease enhances.
So what does this mean for the average dental patient?
First, it is important that routine, six-month checkups be a part of one’s health regimen. Second, if the dentist finds periodontal disease it should not be ignored. It is imperative that the situation’s therapy starts as soon as is possible. While the disease cannot be cured completely and also the damage cannot be reversed be slowed or halted. Last, it is critical that the dentist and the physician communicate with one another so as to set a common strategy in the treatment of these related ailments.
Gum disease is very common in the USA among adults. It is no longer something to be observed. It must be treated to help prevent the chance of it leading to other conditions.
Link To Other Diseases
Periodontal diseases are the infections of the structures around the teeth, which include the gums, the cementum which covers the root, the periodontal ligament and the bone. At the earliest stage of periodontal disease, the disease affects only the gums, which is called gingivitis. In severe forms of the disease, all of the supporting tissues are involved. Bacteria in dental plaque will be significant offenders. In general, periodontal disease affects about 20-50percent of the population around the planet.
In recent decades, gum disease has been linked to some health issues. But many questions remain to be answered. Studies have produced varying findings of just how much of a relationship exists between gum disease and other problems. More study is necessary to substantiate the findings.
Periodontal disease is connected to some other ailments as their risk factor. They have been enumerated below:
Cardiovascular disease – People with periodontal disease are at higher risk of having heart disease. Oral bacteria like Streptococcus gordonii and Streptococcus sanguinis are typical infecting agents. The researchers discovered that bacteria from the mouth can enter the blood and adhere to platelets, which can then form blood clots, interrupting the flow of blood to the heart.
Heart conditions like high blood pressure, coronary artery disease or higher cholesterol may result from chronic inflammation caused by periodontal infections.
Stroke – Periodontal disease results from a complex interplay between chronic bacterial infection and the inflammatory response. Some studies have investigated the association between periodontal and stroke disease and found that there exists a substantial association between them though evidence on the role of disease in stroke is restricted.
Alzheimer’s disease – New York University dental scientists have found the first long-term signs that periodontal disease may increase the risk of cognitive dysfunction associated with Alzheimer’s disease in healthy people in addition to those, who are cognitively impaired. The study indicates that normal subjects with periodontal inflammation are at an increased risk of cognitive function in contrast to normal subjects with little or no periodontal inflammation.
Pancreatic cancer – A research team from Harvard School of Public Health at Boston, MA, was the first to report strong evidence on a connection between gum disease and pancreatic cancer back in 2007. The researchers suggest that there may be a connection between elevated levels of carcinogenic compounds found with pancreatic cancer risk and gum disease. They assert that these compounds – nitrosamines – can respond to the digestive compounds in the gut in a manner that makes an environment favorable to the development of pancreatic cancer.
After making adjustments for age, smoking history, diabetes, obesity, diet, and other possibly confounding variables, the investigators may conclude that men with a history of periodontal disease have a 63 percent increased risk of pancreatic cancer compared to men with no history of periodontal disease.
Pre-term delivery of the low-weight baby – In accordance with the American Academy of Periodontology, periodontal bacteria increase a woman’s risk of delivering a pre-term low-birth-weight infant.